Saturday, June 25, 2016

Over the Counter-Acne Remidies

Over the counter-acne remedies. Many people think that acne is a very serious problem. so many people are trying  natural treatment, medication prescription and over the counter for their acne. Most acne is mild enough that over the counter, non-prescription medications work fine. Combined with a regimen of overall good skin care, they will do an effective job of clearing up acne in as short a time as possible.


acne cure, acne treatment, acne remedies



What Causes Acne?
 

Here are some of the main culprits known to causes acne

Hormones

For the majority of acne sufferers, the trouble begins at puberty, when the body begins to produce hormones called androgens. These hormones cause your sebaceous glands to enlarge, which is a natural part of the body’s development. However, as an acne sufferer your sebaceous glands are over-stimulated by androgens, and this can continue for decades. Androgens are also responsible for acne flare-ups associated with the menstrual cycle and, on occasion, pregnancy.

Extra sebum

When the sebaceous gland is stimulated by androgens, it produces extra sebum. In its journey up the follicle toward the surface, the sebum mixes with common skin bacteria and dead skin cells that have been shed from the lining of the follicle. While this process is normal, the presence of extra sebum in the follicle increases the chances of clogging – and can cause acne.

Follicle fallout

Normally, dead cells within the follicle shed gradually and are expelled onto the skin’s surface. But if you’ve got overactive sebaceous glands these cells shed more rapidly. Mixed with a surplus of sebum, the dead skin cells form a plug in the follicle, preventing your skin from finishing its natural process of renewal. While not acne itself, this plug encourages the growth of acne bacteria.

Bacteria

The bacterium Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes for short) is a regular resident of all skin types. It’s part of your skin’s natural sebum maintenance system. Once a follicle is plugged, however, P. acnes bacteria multiply rapidly, creating the chemical reaction we know as inflammation  in the follicle and surrounding skin.

Inflammation

 
When your body encounters unwanted bacteria, it sends an army of white blood cells to attack the intruders. This process is called chemotaxis or, simply put, the inflammatory response. This is what causes your pimples to become red, swollen and painful.

The inflammatory response is different for everyone, but studies have shown that it is especially strong in adult women. That is why many women continue to suffer from acne well after their teen years. It’s definitely not the chocolate.

These things are all causes of acne, and each of these things could be the cause of the acne that you are experiencing. It is important that you address the factors that you can, and there are many things that you can do to help prevent acne .

There are many over the counter acne treatments that you can try to help clean your skin, and these over the counter-acne remedies can actually be more effective than the strong acne creams and gels that are recommended by doctors.

Whether you are dealing with serious acne or a simple breakout, here are the best  over the counter acne treatments  that you can use to clear up your acne:

Benzoyl Peroxide. 

One of the most common - and most effective - treatments possible for mild acne, benzoyl peroxide is used daily by millions. It works by helping combat the bacteria that is partly responsible for acne in the first place: Propionibacterium acnes.

It also helps to remove dead skin cells from the area. If those don't move to the surface where they can be sloughed or washed off, they can accumulate, upping the odds of getting acne. Benzoyl Peroxide has been in use for decades so the pros and cons are well known. One possible side effect is excessive drying of the skin. It can also bleach fabric, and so should be used with care when treating acne while dressed.

The risk of side effects can be minimized by using the proper amount. If a 2.5% concentration is working, don't assume that 10% is better, or will work faster. Higher dosage only increases the odds of side effects without any compensating value.

Cleansers, acne creams , and scrubs often contain benzoyl peroxide, one of the best ways to help clean your skin from acne. Benzoyl peroxide is not an overly strong substance, meaning that it won't damage your skin when applied like so many other cleansers and acne creams do.

Benzoyl peroxide works on the acne by going on the offensive against Propionibacteria acne, or P. acne, the bacteria that is the cause of your acne problems. When applied to the affected area, the benzoyl peroxide attacks and kills the P. acne bacteria.

It also helps to unclog the pores of your skin that may contain a large amount of dead cells trapped inside them by excess skin oil. It also works to reduce the inflammation, swelling, and redness of the skin, which helps to clear the skin of not only the pimples, but reducing the risk of pockmarks or acne scars .

Salicylic Acid

This is the active ingredient in aspirin and part of the reason this simple compound is sometimes called a miracle drug. It has many uses and is safe and effective, used properly. It slows down the process of shedding dead skin cells inside the follicle, making build up and compaction less likely.

It also helps remove them. This helps prevent bacteria build up in the sebum (skin oil) inside the pore. It should not be combined with other treatments, unless recommended by your dermatologist. Excessive skin irritation can occur.

Salicylic acid is another one of the most effective over the counter acne treatments , and is also found in a number of products designed to help clear up acne . Salicylic acid works differently than Benzoyl peroxide, going to work on reestablishing the correct process of the skin shedding its dead skin cells.

The P. acne bacteria throws off the balance of dead skin cells being shed, and salicylic acid helps the skin to handle the shedding process more effectively. Salicylic acid also prevents the pores and hair follicles on the skin from being clogged with dead skin cells, thus reducing the risk of acne breakouts.

Alcohol and Acetone

Both of these common chemicals are safe, but are generally much less effective than more modern treatments. Alcohol is a mild antibacterial and helps remove oil from the surface. Similarly, acetone is a degreasing agent and helps keep the surface clear.

But the excess oil (sebum) that contributes to acne lies well under surface where it lends a growth medium for bacteria and helps clog pores. Removing surface oil is of limited benefit. The small savings over other treatments is generally money wasted, except as part of an overall skin care regimen.

Acetone and alcohol are used in many  over the counter acne remidies , and they work together effectively to combat acne. Alcohol attacks the microbes and help to reduce the bacteria that cause acne, while acetone helps get rid of the excess sebum that clogs the pores.

Resorcinol

 
Resorcinol is another popular OTC medication and is effective in many cases, especially when combined with other compounds such as sulfur. It functions by breaking down hardened skin, leading to more effective removal from the follicle and the area outside. That also produces lower odds of clogging, a major factor in acne formation. It should not be used in conjunction with astringents such as alcohol.

Which Is the Best?

Use all over the counter medications in the manner directed on the instructions. If acne persists for more than a couple of weeks, or grows worse, see a dermatologist. He or she may recommend a stronger treatment, such as a prescription medication.


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