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Saturday, 15 April 2017

Acne Scars Remedies

The unsightly appearance of acne lesions or pimples isn't the only potential problem with the disease, unfortunately. In some cases, it's possible for acne to leave permanent scars.
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Some conditions may appear to be scars that are not. Macules and other bumps can occur even after acne is treated. Redness may persist for up to a year. But these aren't true scars. They're not permanent. 

True scars are a permanent change to skin tissue produced by the healing process itself, chiefly creating fibrous tissue. As white blood cells attack bacteria they can produce changes in underlying skin cells in the surrounding area. This is one way scars become permanent.

They may also not be limited to areas under the surface.

So-called icepick scars are small pinholes that form in the surface of the skin. They look as if the skin has been poked with an icepick, hence the name. They're typically too deep to be treated with simple dermabrasion or even laser resurfacing.

Boxcar scars are similar, except they tend to be flatter on the bottom, rather than narrowing to a point like icepick scars. Since they're often shallower they can sometimes be treated with resurfacing techniques. Keloid scars are firm and grow beyond the site of the injury. They're characterized by an excess production of collagen. They often result in a shiny pink or red scar.  Prevention is the best option, of course. But when that's not possible, there are a number of standard treatments.


Dermabrasion is used to treat a wide range of skin conditions, including mild to moderate acne scarring. A local anesthetic is given and the professional uses a high speed brush to remove layers of skin. The skin then naturally regenerates, minus the scar in many cases. When it's not entirely removed, it's often less obvious. A variation on the technique is known as microdermabrasion. Instead of a high speed brush, aluminum oxide crystals are moved rapidly through a type of vacuum hose. They carry away skin cells on their way to being collected. It's less invasive or traumatic to the skin, but the results may, therefore, be less.


Laser treatment can be effective for some patients. Used well, they can change the contour and size of scars. CO2 lasers are often used to remove some tissue. Sometimes a single treatment is enough, but redness can persist for several weeks afterward. Lasers work in these types of treatment, essentially, by burning.


A technique called 'punching' can be used to remove some icepick scars. The scar is excised down to subcutaneous fat and the resulting hole repaired. The repair may be done with sutures or a small skin graft. Subcisions may be performed. These involve actually lifting the scar tissue away from unscarred skin. Results are mixed, but the technique can be effective.


Keloids don't respond well to these mechanical techniques, since altering the skin often just provokes the formation of more keloids. Sometimes a topical retinoid is applied. In other cases steroid-type drugs are injected directly into the skin around the scar. They're difficult to treat by any means and results vary widely from person to person. Whatever treatment method you seek, it's important to consult a professional for proper diagnosis. That's the best way to find out about all the available alternatives, and their potential risks and benefits.

Advanced Acne Treatment

Advanced acne treatment. Some acne cases require more advanced treatment methods. In some individuals, the motivation isn't just the severity of the acne as much as the desire to avoid side effects from medication. 
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Whatever the motive, advanced acne treatments offer an alternative that is attractive to many. Among the most popular are light and laser treatments.

In decades past UV was used as a light source. It has the beneficial effect of killing the Propionibacterium acnes bacteria that plays a role in acne formation. But, when studies showed that UV can increase the odds of skin cancer, the treatment became much less popular.

Other forms of light don't have that problem.

Blue Light Acne Treatment
One form is called 'blue light therapy', where the name derives from the color of the light used. The main effect is to kill the bacteria, but there is some effect on the skin oil. It can cause a slight dryness. The narrow band light contains a negligible amount of UV wavelengths.

Patients receive treatments twice per week over a period of about a month. It's effective on forms other than more severe acne, such as those that produce nodules or cysts. The latter can actually be made worse with blue light treatment. Improvements ranged from complete remission to about 40% decrease in the number of lesions, in several studies. About two-thirds saw between a 59% to 67% reduction of inflammatory acne lesions.

Pulsed and LHE (Light Heat Energy) Acne Treatment

Other forms of light therapy, such as LHE, have similar effects - they kill acne bacteria - but do so by a different means. LHE also tends to decrease sebum (the natural skin oil). Excess sebum production is considered one of the major factors encouraging acne development. This green light tends to shrink sebaceous glands.

The therapy is approved by the FDA for treating mild to moderately severe acne. Both inflammatory and non-inflammatory acne can be reduced by two treatments per week over a period of one month. Drug-based treatments tend to take two or three months or longer. In some cases, though, light treatments are combined with the use of prescription medications.

ALA (5-aminolevulinic acid) Acne Treatment

ALA is a compound applied to the skin. It doesn't have any of the antibacterial properties of standard acne treatments like Accutane. It works by making the skin more sensitive to light, thus increasing the effectiveness of light treatment. It's kept on for 15 minutes to an hour, during which the patient receives blue or red light treatment. The jury is still out so numbers are sketchy, but early results suggest the treatment is safe and effective.

Lasers Acne Treatment

Normal light contains waves that scatter in all directions. Laser light is called coherent because the waves all move in an organized train in the same direction. That's one of the reasons lasers can do all the things they're used for.

The chief difference, though, between different lasers (just as it is with other forms of light) is the wavelength. In the case of acne treatment lasers, one popular type produces waves of 1450 nm (nanometers, a billionth of a meter). This type is particularly safe and effective.

In one study, one treatment reduced acne lesions by nearly 40%. Two treatments decreased them by nearly 60% and with three the number rose to over 80%. There is some mild pain associated with the treatments, however, so a topical anesthetic is used during the procedure.

Severe Acne

Severa acne. There are at least four types of acne that are recognized by many dermatologists and others in the medical field as severe regarding both the type of lesions that it produces on the body and long term effects it can have for the sufferer including scarring. This extreme acne affects more than just the body; it can affect every aspect of a person’s life. 

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Type of Severe Acne

Acne conglobata. Acne Conglobata is the most severe form of acne vulgaris. This form of extreme acne, generally characterized by the appearance of large and numerous nodules, often interconnected, along with widespread blackheads. Acne conglobata is commonly found on the face, chest, back, buttocks, upper arms, and thighs. 

Acne fulminans. This type of severe acne is actually an abrupt onset of acne conglobata that typically afflicts young men. The symptoms of the severe nodulocystic, often ulcerating acne, are readily apparent. As with normal cases of acne conglobata the lesions cover large portions of the extremities and the facial region, including the disfiguring scars that can eventually develop. Yet what makes acne fulminans unique in that it also includes fever symptoms, aching of the joints, particularly the knees and hips, and varying degrees of weight loss that depend upon the individual. 

Gram-negative folliculitis. Gram-negative folliculitis is a form of extreme acne caused by an inflammation of the follicles that is caused by bacterial infection: This condition is characterized by pustules and cysts. It has been determined in some cases of the disorder that its development is caused by a complication resulting from a long-term antibiotic treatment of acne vulgaris. 

Like other forms of extreme or severe acne, gram-negative folliculitis is a rare condition, and we do not know whether it is more common in males or females as it has been documented in both.

Pyoderma Faciale. This type of severe acne affects only females, usually between the ages of 20 to 40 years of age. It is characterized by large painful nodules, pustules and sores that may leave scarring. Forming abruptly, pyoderma faciale may occur on the skin of a woman who has never had acne before. Generally, this type of extreme acne is confined to the face, and though it usually does not last longer than a year, it can cause a great deal of damage in a very short time.

Severe Acne Medication

Many have found that prescription or over the counter  acne remedies are not only ineffective. If you are able to follow the steps contained in this guide, you will find that it is easy to learn how to severe acne treatment successfully

Antibiotics for acne, As you probably know oral antibiotic are used for fighting infections and since acne is infected oral antibiotics are used as a severe acne treatment  You probably also know that over-using oral antibiotics can lead to the destruction of helpful bacteria in various parts of your body and allow for the destructive bacteria to take over causing all sorts of illnesses and conditions.
Since treating severe acne takes months or even years and flare ups can occur again and again this means that you are pumping a lot of antibiotics into your system and are at more and more risk for other types of illnesses that may be even more serious than the acne.

Oral Contraceptives,  Oral contraceptives are often used as a severe acne treatment in the hopes of bringing hormones back into balance. Using oral contraceptives for this purpose has only meet with limited success but, increases your risk of heart attacks, blood clots and strokes.

Acne Surgery, Drainage and Surgery are often used on individual cysts when they become large and inflamed and are at risk of rupturing. While drainage and surgery is used as a severe acne treatment in the hopes of preventing scaring the fact is that this procedure may well cause the scarring they hope to prevent.

Interlesional Corticosteriod Injection, Another treatment for severe acne is interlesional corticosteroid injections these injections shrink the cysts but have a ton of negative side effects with them including: blurred vision and dizziness, pain in the chest, trouble swallowing, depression, diarrhea and bleeding and a host of other side effects as well. Any of these side effects could lead to serious medical conditions .

Friday, 14 April 2017

Types of Acne

Type of acne. Sometimes acne is nothing more than a simple pimple, a bit of trapped pus consisting of sebum, dead skin cells and white blood cells. But it can be more severe. Knowing which type you have is key to a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.

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Professionals recommending a course of treatment will rank acne by Grade. 

Grade I includes milder, non-inflamed types such as blackheads, whiteheads or milia. Grade II involves a larger number of these, and frequently includes papules or pustules that are mildly inflamed. 

Papules are small lesions, a change or break in the skin, that is smaller than 5 mm - about the width of a thin cigarette. They're in the form of a bump that rises above the surface. A pustule, by contrast, is pus-filled - a mixture of bacteria, white blood cells and dead skin cells.

Grade III is more severe. The papules or pustules will be red, larger and more numerous. Grade IV is the most severe level, and includes nodules and cysts. The inflammation is usually wide spread and includes more than just the face.

Acne vulgaris is the common form of mild acne. Any of the Grade I forms will fall under this heading. They can usually be treated with over the counter medications.

In more severe form acne can develop into a type known as acne congoblata. The name may sound amusing, but the condition is anything but. It's characterized by heavy inflammation and deep abscesses. The result is often scarring and other forms of serious skin damage.

Inflamed nodules will form around comedones - a general term for blackheads, whiteheads and milia. They often grow until they spontaneously discharge pus. While they do, they're painful. When they do, they're unsightly. Keliod-type scars are commonly left behind.

Another type is known as acne fulminans. Here, the nodules will often ulcerate, leading to a painful and recurrent form of acne. The person afflicted may even develop a fever or aching joints. Treatment with corticosteroids or NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) is usually called for. But these treat symptoms, not the underlying cause.

In still more severe forms, a person may develop nodulocystic acne. Cysts form (red bumps produced by severe inflammation), but they're of an unusual type. Sometimes they become numerous and close enough together to form a larger inflamed area. When they form small tunnels under the skin, infection can spread more readily.

A treatment of antibiotics is called for, and isotretinoin (brand name: Accutane) is frequently employed.

Gram-negative folliculitis occurs when the follicles - the shaft in which hairs grow and sebum flows from the sebaceous glands - become infected. Bacteria grow inside and the body responds by dispatching white blood cells to fight the infection. The result is a deep eruption that calls for special treatment.

The type of bacteria that produces it may be resistant to normal antibiotics. In fact, the condition may have resulted from treatment of other types of acne treated with antibiotics.

Proper diagnosis of these forms of acne calls for a visit to a professional. A dermatologist's care is warranted in these cases, as it may be in other forms of severe acne.